Issue Date: February 11, 2008
Major Research Centers Launch Efforts In Personalized Medicine
As drug discovery scientists shift their focus to the molecular characterization of disease, two major cancer research institutes are gearing up with new facilities dedicated to such personalized medicine. Both the Center for Molecular Oncologic Pathology (CMOP), a joint venture of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Brigham & Women's Hospital, and the Center for Targeted Therapy (CTT) at the University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center will channel their resources and long-standing traditions into a focused investigation of the biology of cancer.
The purpose of CTT, according to its director, Garth Powis, who chairs the department of experimental therapies at M. D. Anderson, is to corral all stages of the drug discovery and development process in the design of targeted therapies. M. D. Anderson broke ground on the $95 million center last year.
Powis says successful biological characterization of disease will require a more collaborative approach to medicine. It will also require new tools, especially imaging systems, to advance the development of diagnostic biomarkers.
"Only with the advent of molecularly targeted agents do you have any degree of confidence that you are inhibiting at least one major disease target and maybe some minor targets," Powis says. "The idea is that we all need to work together, because if you are going to do personalized medicine, you have to have biomarkers and the ability to know what tumor the patient has. And probably the best way to do that is to integrate imaging into drug development. The goal is to achieve personalized medicine."
CMOP is taking a similar approach, according to Massimo F. Loda, director of the center. Its goal, he says, is to apply novel biomolecular diagnostic techniques to human tissue in the development of targeted therapies.
The venture brings the partners into a fundamentally new era in cancer research, Loda says. "Personalized medicine is new for the simple reason that for decades we have classified tumors according to what they look like. And we are good at it," he says. "Now we can identify the genetics of the composition of the tumor. We can precisely target mutations with the kind of certainty that if we were able to identify all mutations in all tumors in real time—which we will in a few years—we would be able to devise individual therapies."
Another goal of the center, Loda says, is to develop tests for clinical trials that will be adopted as standards of care.
According to Powis, partnerships between research organizations will be important to developing diagnostic techniques and evolving standards for clinical trials in what he characterizes as the very early days for personalized medicine. "Personalized medicine has had very little impact as yet on clinical trials and health care in general," Powis acknowledges. "Most oncologists are not doing this kind of research, and most patients are not treated in institutions like M. D. Anderson."
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