• EDITOR’S NOTE: The statistic presented in this letter that “researchers are 11 times more likely to get hurt in an academic lab than in an industrial lab” is inaccurate. The authors actually compared the overall injury and illness rate for academic institutions to Dow Chemical’s overall injury and illness rate. The overall rates would include accidents in areas such as groundskeeping, dining halls, and manufacturing facilities as well as in research laboratories, and the university rates may not include events that harm students. There are no available national statistics about injury and illness rates specifically in research laboratories.
Volume 91 Issue 18 | p. 2 | Letters
Issue Date: May 6, 2013

The Importance Of Teaching Safety

Department: Letters

As members of the ACS Presidential Commission on Graduate Education in the Chemical Sciences, we challenge Richard N. Zare’s comment on the inappropriateness of including a recommendation about laboratory safety in our report “Advancing Graduate Education in the Chemical Sciences” (C&EN, March 4, page 51). While admitting that safety is important, Zare states the report “should instead have been about preparing graduate students, about the future.”

What is more important in graduate education than ensuring students complete their research as safe and healthy as the day they entered graduate school? A graduate education is the ideal place to instill the mind-set that if you can’t do research while carrying out the best safety practices, then you shouldn’t do it at all. The recommendation to include safety in the final report was unanimously supported by all commission members.

Chemistry and chemical engineering laboratories are inherently dangerous environments, especially for undertrained and inexperienced graduate students. Their research requires them to carry out many novel chemical reactions with unknown consequences.

The facts are unequivocal. Occupational Safety & Health Administration statistics demonstrate that researchers are 11 times more likely to get hurt in an academic lab than in an industrial lab. There have been serious accidents in academic labs in recent years—including fatalities—that could have been prevented with the proper use of protective equipment and safer laboratory procedures.

Most chemistry and chemical engineering graduate students will find employment in industry. As new hires come on board, many companies spend weeks on remedial safety training before new hires are allowed to work in their labs. This clearly shows that the current state of graduate safety education is lacking and that there is a clear need to address it. If the report is supposed to focus on “preparing graduate students, about the future,” how can this not be a relevant topic?

There is remarkable consistency in safety practices and performance across industrial research labs in the U.S. Even though we may be competitors, we have a common interest to share the best ideas and best practices when it comes to safety. We strive to ensure that all our employees embrace the very best safety practices and the tools to implement them every day. Why would we have a different expectation of academic labs? The ACS report is in fact the ideal place to raise this critical issue, as clearly stated in Conclusion Three: “Academic chemical laboratories must adopt best safety practices.”

William F. Banholzer
Executive Vice President, Ventures, New Business Development & Licensing Chief Technology Officer, Dow Chemical Co.
Midland, Mich.

Gary S. Calabrese
Senior Vice President, Corning Global Research, Corning Inc.
Corning, N.Y.

Pat Confalone
Vice President, DuPont Crop Protection, Global R&D, DuPont Co.
Newark, Del.

Chemical & Engineering News
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Bob Buntrock (Wed May 15 16:26:25 EDT 2013)
I fully agree with the authors of the letter and I'm disppointed that it was necessary to write it. All of my post-PhD experience was in industry, both in the lab and in support positions, and the differences in saftey practices were pronounced (even though my educational institutions were probably above average in saftey practices for the time). Recent tragedies in academic labs reinforce the need for saftey training. Fortunately, the academic labs I'm currently familiar with have excellenet safety training and policies and even act as an on-campus service organization for departments other than chemistry.
Antonio Carlos Vinhas (Fri Jun 07 09:57:41 EDT 2013)
I am a Brazillian research who lecture Biosafety for more than 15 years. Nowadays, I am working through my dissertation at Iowa State University (department of Environmental Health & Safety)and be back to Brazil in September. My thesis is "SUGGESTIONS OF MAPPING TO CONSOLIDATE THE CONTROL OF OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH RISK IN PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION". I fully agree with Dr. Bob Buntrock in his statement and I wish I am succesful when going back in trying to show them how important safety training and policies on campus is. Congratulation on this matter.
Antonio Carlos VINHAS
P.S. for a couple of years I dedicate myself 100% to Safety/Biosafety. I am a member of ANBio (Brazilian Biosafety Association, but lives in Salvador-Bahia-Brazil where we're having our VIII Congress on Biosafety in September 23-27 and would appreciate having you down there
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