Issue Date: September 30, 2013 | Web Date: September 27, 2013
Global Health R&D Fund Launched
Excitement over new drugs that could address global health problems such as tuberculosis and malaria is often tempered by the reality that much money is needed to finish testing them and get them to market. To address that shortfall, JPMorgan Chase, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, and several corporate and nonprofit partners last week unveiled the first global health R&D investment fund.
With $94 million in initial investments, the Global Health Investment Fund, or GHIF, will back late-stage drugs, vaccines, and diagnostics that could save lives in developing countries while turning a modest profit in the developed world.
“Most people who are active in this space recognize that we’re at a bit of an inflection point in global development,” Peter Scher, global head of corporate responsibility at JPMorgan, told reporters last week. The generosity of deep-pocketed funders like the Gates Foundation has enabled the global health product pipeline, once anemic, to grow to some 200 products. But philanthropy can only go so far, and with government money scarce, firms and nonprofits struggle to fund the final development and commercialization of drugs for neglected diseases.
“There’s just not enough funding in the world to advance those late-stage products to the point where they can get to the hands of the poor,” said Julie Sunderland, the Gates Foundation’s director of program-related investments.
GHIF will offer investors a return by supporting products with utility in both poor and rich countries. For example, a vaccine that could save lives in the developing world might find commercial use in the developed world among the military, travelers, and aid workers.
The fund’s expected annual rate of return of 5–7% is more modest than a traditional biotech fund’s return, but so is the risk: The Gates Foundation and the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency have agreed to protect up to 60% of the fund’s losses.
Veterans of the neglected disease world welcome the fund but say other creative solutions for late-stage product development are needed. “I certainly applaud the fact that the fund exists,” Mel Spigelman, CEO of Global Alliance for TB Drug Development, told C&EN. “I think it’s probably more conducive to certain diseases and situations than others.”
Indeed, not all projects will be suitable for GHIF, its backers concede. “A big TB trial or big malaria trial is probably too big,” said GlaxoSmithKline’s head of R&D, Moncef Slaoui, who will serve as a scientific adviser to the fund. But GHIF could help plenty of useful treatments that otherwise would not get developed, he added, pointing to a diagnostic test that could predict susceptibility to a particular malaria drug.
Meanwhile, the fund offers a stringent way of vetting projects, Slaoui said. “The bar is higher,” he noted. “There will be milestones and more accountability—and those are drivers of higher performance and quality.”
- Chemical & Engineering News
- ISSN 0009-2347
- Copyright © American Chemical Society