Protein-Binding Domains Defy Pigeonholing | Chemical & Engineering News
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Web Date: July 24, 2007

Protein-Binding Domains Defy Pigeonholing

Model predicts binding partners of domains that mediate crucial protein-protein interactions
Department: Science & Technology

A new study challenges the conventional wisdom about the way in which a key family of protein domains that mediate protein???protein interactions are classified. And it offers a way to predict these domains' preferred protein binding partners.

Protein sequences that mediate protein—protein interactions by binding selectively to the ends of target proteins are known as PDZ domains. These domains have traditionally been pigeonholed into different classes according to their binding preferences.

Gavin MacBeath and coworkers at Harvard University have now found that this way of assigning PDZ domains is not justified. "Instead, PDZ domains lie on a selectivity continuum," MacBeath notes. "It appears that PDZ domain binding selectivity is optimized across the proteome to minimize cross-reactivity," the binding of PDZ domains with multiple targets.

The surprising result came from a comprehensive study of 157 mouse PDZ domains—most of the known PDZ domains in the mouse genome—using protein microarrays and fluorescence detection (Science 2007, 317, 364). On the basis of the results, MacBeath and coworkers created a model that can be used to predict the target proteins to which different PDZ domains are likely to bind. The information could be useful to researchers who study PDZ-mediated processes, such as directing the specificity of cell signaling and directing protein trafficking.

 
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ISSN 0009-2347
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