With Republicans in Congress calling for deep cuts in an unfinished 2011 budget, the Obama Administration rolled out its fiscal 2012 budget request that makes good on the President's promise to support science. But the bind for the President is balancing increased spending for some science programs in an overall flat budget environment for R&D.
The 2012 request keeps R&D funding essentially flat at $148 billion, but increases nondefense R&D by 6.5% to $66.8 billion, with science education and technological innovation singled out for growth.
"These investments are an essential part of the budget my Administration is sending to Congress," President Obama said in a speech in Baltimore this week. "Because I'm convinced that if we out-build and out-innovate and out-educate, as well as out-hustle the rest of the world, the jobs and industries of our time will take root here in the U.S."
The complication stems from the fact that Congress has yet to set the current fiscal year's budget, which started on Oct. 1, 2010. As a result, budget growth for fiscal 2012 is marked against Congress' continuing budget resolution that funds the government until a final 2011 budget is passed. This stopgap measure sets funding for agencies at 2010 levels.
"This is a budget that our nation can be proud of," said John P. Holdren, the President's science and technology adviser and director of the White House Office of Science & Technology Policy. "It provides solid research and development investments to achieve game-changing advances in areas of crucial importance to America's future, including sustainable energy, information technology, advanced manufacturing, and science, technology, engineering, and mathematics education. At the same time, it reflects the President's strong commitment to fiscal discipline by cutting programs that were not competitive with our highest priority needs."
The President's budget request includes an increase of 17.6% for the National Science Foundation for a total R&D budget of $6.3 billion; 12.3% for the Department of Energy's Office of Science, for a total of $5.4 billion; and 34.3% for the National Institute of Standards & Technology, for a total of $679 million. The increases keep these R&D agencies on a budget-doubling path for the period 2006–17.
Education is another winner in the President's request. To support Obama's State of the Union pledge to prepare 100,000 science, technology, engineering, and math teachers over the next decade, the 2012 request provides $100 million for teacher-training programs at NSF and the Department of Education. It also tags $90 million to create an Advanced Research Projects Agency-Education to drive transformational improvement in education technology.
Another targeted priority in the request is clean energy development. The budget would support R&D of clean energy sources by setting $550 million for the Energy Department's Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy.
To support continued biomedical advances, the National Institutes of Health's budget would grow by 2.4% to $31.8 billion under the 2012 request.
The request would also encourage private-sector investment by permanently extending the R&D tax credit.
The science community welcomes the President's budget. "The President recognizes that our future depends on research," said William T. Tilman, president of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology.
Similarly, American Chemical Society President Nancy B. Jackson said: "ACS applauds President Obama's leadership in strengthening science, technology, and engineering on all levels from research and discovery to business development and product commercialization with the goal of creating high-skill, high-value jobs and enhancing U.S. competitiveness."