John O’Mara Bockris, 90, an electrochemist, died in Gainesville, Fla., on July 7 after a long battle with cancer.
Born in Johannesburg, South Africa, Bockris earned a B.S. in chemistry in 1943 at the University of London and a Ph.D. in chemistry in 1945 at Imperial College London. During his career, he held appointments at Imperial College; the University of Pennsylvania; Flinders University in Australia; and Texas A&M University, from which he retired in 1997.
Bockris supervised research projects of more than 70 Ph.D. students and authored more than 700 publications. His written works include the popular textbook “Modern Electrochemistry,” first published in 1970, and he founded the book series “Modern Aspects of Electrochemistry.” Bockris also was among the founders of two scientific societies in the area of electrochemistry: the International Society of Electrochemistry in 1949 and the International Association for Hydrogen Energy in 1974.
Bockris was one of the first investigators to recognize the importance of the electronic structure of metal electrodes in defining the mechanisms of electrochemical reactions, an area that became known as physical electrochemistry. He also was an early proponent in the 1970s of the concept of the hydrogen economy, in which hydrogen can be used as the principal means for delivering energy. In the 1990s, his research on cold fusion, a field now known as low-energy nuclear reactions, provoked controversy, including charges of research misconduct for which he was exonerated.
Bockris received the Faraday Medal from the Electrochemistry Group of the Royal Society of Chemistry in 1981. He also received the tongue-in-cheek Ig Nobel Prize in physics in 1997 “for his wide-ranging achievements in cold fusion, in the transmutation of base elements into gold, and in the electrochemical incineration of domestic rubbish.” Bockris was a member of ACS from 1980 until 1998.