Profitability continued to improve for major Japanese chemical producers in the fiscal year that ended on March 31. The depreciation of the yen, lower oil prices, and a strengthening U.S. economy buoyed companies that a year ago also reported a sharp improvement in profits.
Sumitomo Chemical posted a 41.1% improvement in net earnings, largely on the back of higher margins in its petrochemical, plastics, and crop protection businesses. “The business environment surrounding Sumitomo Chemical was good as a whole, although there were areas with sluggish market conditions and weak shipment volumes,” the company stated. Like its peers, Sumitomo noted that the economies in China and Europe were slow but that the U.S. recovery continued to be solid.
Shin-Etsu Chemical benefited from the U.S. market through its polyvinyl chloride subsidiary Shintech, but the company’s PVC business suffered because of feedstock sourcing issues in Europe. It more than made up for the setback with a 46% increase in earnings for its silicon wafer business. Shin-Etsu is the world’s largest producer of both PVC and semiconductor-grade silicon.
Shin-Etsu and Sumitomo were not alone in raising profitability. The synthetic rubber and electronic materials producer JSR delivered a profit margin of 8.6%, up from 6.4% a year ago. And the normally staid Tosoh more than doubled its profit margin to 9.0%.
Tosoh explained that although its petrochemical business stagnated in 2014, profits for chlor-alkali and PVC more than doubled. In addition, the company’s specialty materials group was 56% more profitable, owing largely to high shipments of ethyleneamines.
After two straight years of impressive profit growth, Japanese chemical makers could well shine less brightly in the near future. The latest business outlook survey by the Bank of Japan indicated that Japanese manufacturers are becoming bearish on the economy in Japan, a market that is obviously a major one for the country’s chemical industry.