Volume 89 Issue 22 | pp. 53-57
Issue Date: May 30, 2011

Improving Vaccines Aimed At Cancer

Scientists use various ways to strengthen immune response to carbohydrate cancer antigens
Department: Science & Technology
Keywords: cancer, antigen, antibody, immunity, immune system, carbohydrate, zwitterionic polysaccharide, adjuvant, carrier protein

Carbohydrate-based vaccines are widely used to prevent infectious diseases, but their use to fight cancer has so far proved problematic. To increase the chance of success, researchers are pursuing a number of avenues that have a common goal: enhance carbohydrates’ ability to induce the human immune system to mount an effective fight against cancer.

Carbohydrates are studded all over the surfaces of human cells, where they help with essential functions ranging from protein transport and . . .

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