Volume 95 Issue 22 | p. 5 | News of The Week
Issue Date: May 29, 2017 | Web Date: May 24, 2017

Trump’s proposed 2018 budget would gut science agencies

Average cuts of 16% would hit agencies that fund chemistry research and regulations
Department: Government & Policy
Keywords: research funding, trump, budget, 2018
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The fate of Trump’s budget proposal is in Congress’s hands.
Credit: Myles Cullen/White House
A photo of Trump sitting at a desk signing a document with the American flag behind him.
 
The fate of Trump’s budget proposal is in Congress’s hands.
Credit: Myles Cullen/White House

President Donald J. Trump is asking Congress to make wide-ranging cuts to science agencies in his 2018 budget. If enacted, they could have a potentially devastating impact on science, including chemical research.

Overall, federal R&D would take a 16.8% hit, down $12.6 billion, according to estimates from the American Association for the Advancement of Science. The “budget fails to recognize that federal R&D investment is the most critical step driving U.S. innovation,” says Glenn Ruskin, spokesperson for the American Chemical Society, which publishes C&EN. “Slashing federal research budgets will result in less innovation, less job creation, and less economic growth—all of which undermines our global competitiveness.”

Congress has widely ignored presidential budget requests in the past, and that might be the case for Trump’s 2018 budget as well. Many Republicans and Democrats rejected the proposal. Sens. John McCain (R-Ariz.) and John Cornyn (R-Texas) declared it “dead on arrival.” Rep. Eddie Bernice Johnson of Texas, the top Democrat on the House Science, Space & Technology Committee, says, “I hope and expect that by the time the appropriations process is over, we will have achieved a saner outcome.”

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Science slashed

Trump’s fiscal 2018 budget would severely cut science and technology research funding for most federal agencies.
Note: DOE energy programs include renewables and efficiency, nuclear, fossil, grid research, and ARPA-E. Source: American Association for the Advancement of Science
A chart showing percent change for science and technology programs and offices in the White House 2018 fiscal budget request relative to enacted 2017 figures.
 

Science slashed

Trump’s fiscal 2018 budget would severely cut science and technology research funding for most federal agencies.
Note: DOE energy programs include renewables and efficiency, nuclear, fossil, grid research, and ARPA-E. Source: American Association for the Advancement of Science

Although the budget isn’t binding, it does show Trump’s science and technology priorities. NASA, a longtime Trump favorite, would be down just 2.8% to $19.1 billion. And both the Department of Energy’s National Nuclear Security Administration, which oversees the agency’s nuclear weapons programs, and the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency would get increases.

However, most agencies are facing double-digit declines in funding under the proposal. This largely mirrors cuts laid out in a preliminary budget Trump released in March, despite protests from science advocacy organizations and some members of Congress.

The National Institutes of Health is slated to lose about $7.4 billion, or 21.5%, down to $26.9 billion in 2018. The agency hasn’t seen funding levels this low since the early 2000s. The Trump Administration is planning to eliminate NIH’s Fogarty International Center, which focuses on global health and builds scientific expertise in developing countries to address pandemics.

Many in the biomedical community are appalled by the President’s request. “These proposed cuts are unconscionable and unjustified,” says Hudson H. Freeze, president of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. “Are we ready to abdicate our role as a world leader in research?”

DOE’s Office of Science, which funds basic physical science research, is facing cuts of 17.0% to $4.5 billion. Energy programs would be even harder hit, with an estimated loss of 60.3%, including the elimination of the Advanced Research Projects Agency—Energy, which was established by the America Competes Act of 2007.

The National Science Foundation is slated for an 11.0% decrease overall to $6.6 billion under Trump’s proposal, bringing it back to 2002 funding levels. Under those funding levels, the success rate for grant applications is estimated to fall to 19% from 24% in 2016, the most recent year data were available.

“We understand and appreciate the apprehension felt by many in the science community,” NSF Director France Córdova said at a budget briefing.

NSF’s Chemistry Division largely spread its cuts across programs while preserving its core individual investigator grants, which would take an 8% hit. Career grants for early career scientists would get a 10% cut, which might mean smaller grants for new scientists. The Centers for Chemical Innovation program, which supports topical research centers at universities, would be cut by 24%.

The National Institute of Standards & Technology, which has had strong Congressional support in recent years, faces a proposed decrease of 23.2% below 2017 levels to $725 million. The lab’s core science programs would be cut by 15% to $547 million. The Hollings Manufacturing Extension Partnership, which supports small- and midsized manufacturers nationwide, would be killed under the 2018 budget proposal. The National Network for Manufacturing Innovation would get a $10 million reduction from 2017 levels to $15 million.

Among the hardest hit would be the Environmental Protection Agency, which would receive $5.7 billion in fiscal 2018, a 30% decrease from the 2017 level. EPA science and technology efforts would receive $397 million, a 44% decrease from 2017 funding.

However, the agency office that oversees commercial chemicals would get about 240 additional full-time employees to help implement the revised Toxic Substances Control Act. The office would receive $65 million, an increase of $6.6 million compared with 2017, for its chemical risk review program. Part of the increase would be paid for by industry fees.

The Department of Agriculture’s primary competitive research grants program, the Agriculture & Food Research Initiative, would receive $349 million, a loss of $26 million, or 6.9%, compared with 2017.

In addition, Trump’s budget would eliminate climate-change-related research and other programs across the government, including at EPA, the National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration, DOE, NSF, and NASA.


On the chopping block

Trump is asking Congress to eliminate a number of federal programs tied to the scientific enterprise. They include:

The Chemical Safety & Hazard Investigation Board (CSB), which investigates chemical-related industrial accidents. “While CSB has done some outstanding work on its investigations, more often than not, its overlap with other agency investigative authorities has generated unhelpful friction. In recent years, CSB’s recommendations have also been focused on the need for greater regulation of industry, which has frustrated both regulators and industry,” budget documents say.

Five NASA Earth-observing satellites. They were designed to improve detection of climate trends, determine distribution of carbon dioxide around the world, and measure Earth’s reflected sunlight and emitted thermal radiation.

U.S. contributions to an international fund to help developing countries adapt to climate change and adopt low-carbon-emitting energy technologies. “America must put the energy needs of American families and businesses first,” the budget documents say.

EPA initiatives to restore the Great Lakes and Chesapeake Bay. Noting that these programs have received significant federal funding in years past, White House documents encourage state and local groups to manage cleanup of these water bodies


Additional reporting by Britt Erickson, Cheryl Hogue, and Jessica Morrison.

 

CORRECTION: This story was updated on June 12, 2017, to reflect that the Advanced Research Projects Agency—Energy was established by the America Competes Act of 2007.

 
Chemical & Engineering News
ISSN 0009-2347
Copyright © American Chemical Society
Comments
Marcus Cridland (Wed May 24 16:59:58 EDT 2017)
In Britain they cut technology investment, and now it is a miserable, depressed and poor country with a low standard of living and there is no possibility for honest people to grow.
Fred Dorer (Wed May 24 19:09:39 EDT 2017)
The lack of appreciation of the contributions scientific research taken by this administration is unbelievably short-sighted. It conveys an thought process based on ideology and not well thought out understanding and appreciation based on facts.
Essen N Suleimenov, ACS Memb No 31011360 (Thu May 25 02:26:17 EDT 2017)
US President Trump acts wisely and purposefully. It has long been time to stop various fantasies such as "ozone hole". Science in the 20th century largely turned into scholastic exercises. It's time to return to the works of Faraday, Mendeleev and other realistic scientists. And President of the USA Trump is a fine fellow !!! A brave and concrete person.
K (Thu May 25 06:59:01 EDT 2017)
Comrade Suleimenov - are you related by any chance to famous Kazakhstan journalist Borat?
Juju-man (Thu May 25 16:29:36 EDT 2017)
I hope this proposal gets rejected.
Getting back to 2002 levels is...outrageous!

About the President...yes, he is very concrete....full of cement!
He should leave science to scientists.
In science, in our respective fields, we know who the leaders are and the self-proclaimed ones.
Graham Bodwell (Thu May 25 13:09:25 EDT 2017)
There can be no argument that Mr. Trump is acting with purpose, but I see no wisdom in ravaging federal science programs. It would be very interesting to see what the likes of Faraday and Mendeleev would have to say about this if they lived today. It certainly doesn't appears though (m)any of today's great minds agree with Mr. Trump's approach.
P Mac ACS Member (Thu May 25 13:46:11 EDT 2017)
I am glad that the US science budget will be trimmed. Money will now be put to important, relevant, and meaningful research. Hopefully, science studies to find out the benefits of Swedish massages on rabbits will be curtailed and focus put on energy, deadly diseases, and sustainable foods in arid regions will be brought forward.
Those that are losing jobs in research can find out how the rest of the non-grant funded science folks work. Old equipment, shoestring budgets, and weekly/daily deadlines with REQUIRED results are a few things you may need to know (pharma and petrochem excluded).
Bill (Thu May 25 14:44:00 EDT 2017)
Gee, the people receiving budget cuts are complaining about it. Who could have seen that coming?
Most science programs are welfare programs for people with higher than average IQ.

A government with the policy to rob Peter to pay Paul can be assured of the support of Paul.
-George Bernard Shaw
Alan Goldman (Fri May 26 08:24:38 EDT 2017)
I suggest to the editors of C&E News that the notion that freely open comments sections will prove to be a forum for intelligent exchange of ideas was long ago debunked. Instead they have proven to contribute to the demise of civil discourse and most recently, American democracy.
I think most respectable publications now curate their comment sections. I suggest CENews do likewise.
Micholas Smith (Tue May 30 08:57:55 EDT 2017)
A possible correction, I believe ARPA-E was created by the 2007 AMERICA COMPETES Act, prior to Obama's presidency? However, Obama was the first to allocate funds to form what is now ARPA-E
Cheryl hogue (Mon Jun 12 15:18:15 EDT 2017)
Thanks, Micholas! You are correct and the story has been updated to reflect the correct info.
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