Containing Swine Flu | May 4, 2009 Issue - Vol. 87 Issue 18 | Chemical & Engineering News
Volume 87 Issue 18 | p. 8 | News of The Week
Issue Date: May 4, 2009

Containing Swine Flu

FDA authorizes unapproved diagnostic test, new uses for drug
Department: Government & Policy
People in Aguascalientes, Mexico, take precautions to avoid spreading and contracting influenza.
Credit: Dreamstime
People in Aguascalientes, Mexico, take precautions to avoid spreading and contracting influenza.
Credit: Dreamstime

U.S. OFFICIALS are scrambling to deal with an outbreak of swine flu that is believed to have originated in Mexico and is rapidly spreading across the globe. Tests have confirmed that hundreds of people in at least 11 other countries, including the U.S., have been infected with the newly discovered swine influenza A (H1N1) virus.

The Food & Drug Administration has responded to the threat by authorizing the emergency use of certain antiviral drugs to treat the virus and an unapproved laboratory test to help detect it.

FDA's action allows physicians to give the oral drug Tamiflu to children less than a year old and authorizes the broader distribution of Tamiflu and the inhalant Relenza. News of FDA's emergency authorizations led to a jump in the shares of Roche, Gilead Sciences, and GlaxoSmithKline, which make the approved antiviral drugs.

The action also authorized the Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC) to distribute its real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction Swine Flu Panel diagnostic test to qualified public health labs, even though the test has not been approved by FDA.

The diagnostic works by amplifying viral genetic material from a nasal swab. "A positive result indicates that the patient is presumptively infected with swine flu virus but not the stage of infection. However, a negative result does not, by itself, exclude the possibility of swine flu virus infection," FDA noted in a statement.

CDC is monitoring the scope and severity of the outbreak, and it has released 25% of the antiviral drugs from its Strategic National Stockpile to all 50 states.

Drug companies say they are well equipped to deal with a surge in demand for their products. Amid fears of a global avian flu pandemic in 2006, Roche significantly expanded its list of partners that provide the key intermediates in oseltamivir, the active ingredient in Tamiflu. A more robust supply chain enabled Roche to increase its annual production of Tamiflu by more than 30% to 400 million treatments.

Emergency congressional hearings were held last week to discuss the outbreak and to ensure that federal health agencies are properly coordinating their efforts. And President Barack Obama asked Congress for $1.5 billion to deal with the outbreak.

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