Volume 90 Issue 1 | p. 10 | News of The Week
Issue Date: January 2, 2012

EPA Acts On Power Plant Emissions

Clean Air: New regulation requires power plants to cut mercury, other toxic substances
Department: Government & Policy
News Channels: Environmental SCENE
Keywords: Coal-fired power plants, EPA, Clean Air Act, mercury
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Credit: Newscom
Colorful predawn sky surrounds an illuminated coal-fired power plant emitting clouds of steam in Wyoming.
 
Credit: Newscom

After lawsuits and regulatory battles that stretch back to the Clean Air Act of 1990, the Environmental Protection Agency has issued a regulation requiring coal-fired and oil-fired electric power plants to cut mercury, arsenic, cyanide, and other toxic air emissions. The new regulation will reduce mercury emissions from the worst-performing plants by 90%.

The new regime affects 1,400 utilities, 1,100 of which are large, coal-fired electric power plants that provide nearly half of the U.S.’s electricity. EPA estimates that 40% of these coal-based plants do not use modern pollution control equipment. Some are at least 50 years old. The move is expected to quicken the shift of utilities away from coal, but EPA gave utilities four years to comply.

EPA estimates the safeguards will prevent as many as 11,000 premature deaths and 4,700 heart attacks annually, as well as 130,000 cases of childhood asthma and about 6,300 cases of acute bronchitis.

The regulation will cost utilities about $9.6 billion, EPA says, but will result in $37 billion to $90 billion in annual health benefits. The agency also predicts the regulation will create thousands of manufacturing, installation, and operational jobs.

Coal-fired power plants are the U.S.’s largest remaining source of toxic air pollutants and are responsible for half of the nation’s mercury emissions and 75% of its acid gas releases.

As a result of the Clean Air Act, other major sources of mercury emissions—medical waste and municipal waste incinerators—have already cut those emissions, EPA notes; only power plants remain.

The new pollution limits are technology based, requiring old plants to match emissions limits of the best performing 12% of coal-fired power plants. New technologies could include a combination of selective catalytic reduction equipment, fabric filters, and injected activated carbon to capture mercury and other toxic emissions. About half of the nation’s coal-fired power plants have installed the equipment, EPA estimates.

Utilities are split on the regulation: Cleaner utilities back the agency, but utilities with old coal plants and uncontrolled emissions warn that the regulation will cause them to shutter plants.

 
Chemical & Engineering News
ISSN 0009-2347
Copyright © American Chemical Society
Comments
Ronald Kasirye (Mon Jan 02 03:04:16 EST 2012)
Hi thanks for such initiatives in the bide to reverse the world's most enemy.
I want to start a similar agency in Uganda.
How do I go about this?
thanks
Jayne Fleming (Mon Jan 02 18:10:57 EST 2012)
any word on how this affects the ability of the power grid in the US to meet our needs??? Our local energy coop is not optimistic, and energy prices are up
Summer Kellogg (Fri Jan 06 09:42:22 EST 2012)
One thing we could start is neglecting to put hamful element in the food and products we have, for instance; not cooking mixed nuts with sulfer dioxide just to reatain color, if people are that picky make your own freaking mix. That way that sulfur dioxide would not get in our air. The government should also think about a flat out trade with gas cars with electric, that would not only help the gas and oil situation, but it would also provide a outlet for new business production of charging cars while eating and taking a trip to the gas station. Ummm how much would that help our reduction of pollution? When it comes to heat there has got to be a non distructive way to make our heat, other than coal or anything to do with nuclear power. I would think there would be a way to utilize water movment energy with wind energy to get it started and the motion would move smoothly after the start up. Maybe I am crazy but if people can put my idea's to use because I am not in a position to do so.

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