Fiery Origin Of Climate-Warming Aerosols | Chemical & Engineering News
Volume 92 Issue 32 | p. 24 | Concentrates
Issue Date: August 11, 2014 | Web Date: August 12, 2014

Fiery Origin Of Climate-Warming Aerosols

Study finds that fires producing more black carbon also yield so-called brown carbon, helping clarify inputs into climate models
Department: Science & Technology
News Channels: Environmental SCENE, Analytical SCENE
Keywords: biomass burning, aerosol, black carbon, brown carbon, climate
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A cut-grass fire burns at the Missoula Fire Sciences Laboratory.
Credit: Daniel Tkacik/Carnegie Mellon U
Photo of a cut-grass fire at the Missoula Fire Sciences Laboratory.
 
A cut-grass fire burns at the Missoula Fire Sciences Laboratory.
Credit: Daniel Tkacik/Carnegie Mellon U

Wildfires have burned nearly 2 million acres in the U.S. so far this year, underscoring the importance of a study that provides better insight into the climate effects of organic aerosol particles emitted into the atmosphere from burning forests, grasslands, and farmland. Climate models have historically divided airborne particulate matter produced by biomass burning into two categories: light-absorbing black carbon (soot) that warms the climate and light-scattering organic aerosols that cool the climate. But researchers are finding that organic aerosols known as brown carbon can also be light-absorbing. In the new study, a team led by Allen L. Robinson and Neil M. Donahue of Carnegie Mellon University analyzed particles released from fire experiments conducted at the Missoula Fire Sciences Laboratory in Montana (Nat. Geosci. 2014, DOI: 10.1038/ngeo2220). They found that oxygen­-deprived, fuel-rich fires that tend to produce high amounts of black carbon also produce brown carbon, and brown carbon aerosols are associated with extremely low volatile organic compounds possibly similar to humic substances. The results could help explain a mismatch between the amount of aerosol-driven global warming predicted by climate models compared with what’s actually being observed.

 
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