Kroto, along with Richard Smalley and Robert Curl, garnered the Nobel Prize for the discovery of buckminsterfullerene—a soccer-ball-shaped molecule of 60 carbon atoms also known as a buckyball. The discovery was greeted with both enthusiasm and skepticism, noted the Nobel Prize committee when announcing the 1996 prize: “No physicist or chemist had expected that carbon would be found in such a symmetrical form other than those already known.”
After winning the Nobel Prize, Kroto devoted much of his time to fostering the public’s understanding of science. In 1995, he helped establish the Vega Science Trust, a producer of television and Internet videos with the goal of providing “a brightly lit platform for scientists to communicate with an authentic voice directly to the public, without media interference, on topics that excite them and on issues that concern them,” he told C&EN in an interview in 2002. Later, Kroto founded the Global Educational Outreach for Science, Engineering & Technology initiative, or GEOSET, dedicated to collecting freely accessible online educational material.
“Harry very much became the embodiment of the hopes of Alfred Nobel, with a better, more peaceful world being brought about through the dissemination of science,” says Thomas Albrecht-Schmitt, a chemistry professor at Florida State University, where Kroto worked since 2004. “He had very high ideals and challenged everyone he engaged to discover what their own ideals are and to become better people.”
“My advice is to do something which interests you or which you enjoy,” Kroto wrote in his Nobel autobiography, “and do it to the absolute best of your ability. If it interests you, however mundane it might seem on the surface, still explore it because something unexpected often turns up just when you least expect it. With this recipe, whatever your limitations, you will almost certainly still do better than anyone else.”