ADVERTISEMENT
2 /3 FREE ARTICLES LEFT THIS MONTH Remaining
Chemistry matters. Join us to get the news you need.

If you have an ACS member number, please enter it here so we can link this account to your membership. (optional)

ACS values your privacy. By submitting your information, you are gaining access to C&EN and subscribing to our weekly newsletter. We use the information you provide to make your reading experience better, and we will never sell your data to third party members.

ENJOY UNLIMITED ACCES TO C&EN

Synthesis

Ionic liquids improve performance of single-atom supported catalysts

Spectroscopy shows enhancement arises from electron donation from ionic liquid to catalytic metal atom

by Mitch Jacoby
October 2, 2017 | APPEARED IN VOLUME 95, ISSUE 39

Isolated metal atoms dispersed on the surface of a support material offer unique opportunities in heterogeneous catalysis. For example, this class of single-site catalysts uses precious metals with maximum efficiency. In addition, because of their relative simplicity compared with standard multiatom nanoparticle catalysts, single-atom supported catalysts allow researchers to deduce valuable mechanistic details far more easily. But the single-atom variety is tough to tailor. And although modifying catalyst synthesis methods sometimes improves performance, it’s not always clear why. A team led by Alper Uzun of Koç University and Bruce C. Gates of the University of California, Davis, reports that treating single-atom iridium complexes supported on γ-alumina with 1,3-dialkylimidazolium ionic liquids improves the complexes’ catalytic properties for reasons the team quantifies via high-resolution X-ray absorption spectroscopy (ACS Catal. 2017, DOI: 10.1021/acscatal.7b02429). Specifically, the team prepared atomically dispersed Ir(CO)2complexes on alumina, coated them with various ionic liquids, and used them to catalyze partial hydrogenation of 1,3-butadiene, an important industrial process. The team found that the ionic liquids significantly increased selectivity for butenes—in some cases, from roughly 50% to 80%. They attribute the enhancement to electron donation from the ionic liquid to iridium, a process they examined in detail spectroscopically.

X

Article:

This article has been sent to the following recipient:

Leave A Comment

*Required to comment