First triazenyl radicals stabilized and characterized | November 6, 2017 Issue - Vol. 95 Issue 44 | Chemical & Engineering News
Volume 95 Issue 44 | p. 11 | Concentrates
Issue Date: November 6, 2017

First triazenyl radicals stabilized and characterized

Material could be used for cathodes in lithium-ion batteries
Department: Science & Technology
News Channels: Organic SCENE, JACS In C&EN
Keywords: Inorganic chemistry, radicals, triazenyl, N-heterocyclic carbene

Over the past decade, researchers have succeeded in making radical compounds of main group elements by stabilizing them with N-heterocyclic carbenes. Nitrogen-containing triazenyl radicals are attractive for their potential reactivity and physical properties. Free triazenyl radicals have previously been detected by electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy and as ligands in transition-metal complexes, but they’ve been challenging to stabilize and isolate. Researchers led by Eunsung Lee of the Institute for Basic Science and Pohang University of Science & Technology have now synthesized and characterized a pair of triazenyl radicals stabilized by N-heterocyclic carbenes (J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2017, DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b08753). The researchers reacted chloroimidazolium chlorides with azides to form triazenyl cations, which they then reduced to the corresponding triazenyl radicals via one-electron reduction with potassium metal in toluene. The researchers characterized the radicals by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, EPR spectroscopy, and UV-vis absorption spectroscopy. Density functional theory calculations suggest that the unpaired electron in both radicals is strongly delocalized over the entire conjugated π system, which may be how the N-heterocyclic carbenes stabilize the triazenyl radical. The researchers demonstrated a potential application by using one of the triazenyl radicals as a cathode material in a lithium-ion battery.

Chemical & Engineering News
ISSN 0009-2347
Copyright © American Chemical Society
Lee Eun-Jae (December 7, 2017 6:09 AM)

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