To download a pdf of this article, visit http://cenm.ag/solarpanels.
References used to create this graphic:
American Chemical Society. “How a Solar Cell Works.” ChemMatters, April/May 2014.
Bourzac, Katherine. “Polymer Solar Cell Hopes to Claim New Record.” C&EN, May 23, 2018.
Desjardins, Jeff. “Animation: How Solar Panels Work.” Visual Capitalist, Jan. 31, 2017.
Jacoby, Mitch. “Stabilizing Perovskite Solar Cells.” C&EN, Oct. 14, 2018.
Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE. Photovoltaics Report. (Freiburg: Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE, Feb. 24, 2022).
A collaboration between C&EN and Andy Brunning, author of the popular graphics blog Compound Interest
To see more of Brunning’s work, go to compoundchem.com. To see all of C&EN’s Periodic Graphics, visit http://cenm.ag/periodicgraphics.