If you have an ACS member number, please enter it here so we can link this account to your membership. (optional)

ACS values your privacy. By submitting your information, you are gaining access to C&EN and subscribing to our weekly newsletter. We use the information you provide to make your reading experience better, and we will never sell your data to third party members.



Neonicotinoid impairs bees’ social behavior

Researchers peer into the nest, observing that bumblebees exposed to the pesticide neglect their young

by Katherine Bourzac
November 12, 2018 | A version of this story appeared in Volume 96, Issue 45


A photo of bees labelled with ID tags.
Credit: James Crall
Bumblebees sporting unique QR codes can be tracked inside the nest.

Using robotic cameras, researchers have observed for the first time how a common neonicotinoid pesticide affects bee behavior inside the nest (Science 2018, DOI: 10.1126/science.aat1598). Chronic exposure to neonicotinoids, which are neurotoxic, is known to impair foraging bumblebees’ ability to navigate and recognize flowers, but behavior inside the nest has been a black box. Harvard University postdoc James Crall and colleagues used superglue to tag individual bees with unique paper QR codes, and then dispatched robotic cameras to film the bees inside the nest. The team dosed some bee colonies’ sucrose feed with 6 ppb of imidacloprid, a common neonicotinoid. Wild and agricultural forager bees are likely to accumulate this level of neonicotinoids in their nectar, Crall says. Software analysis of the footage revealed previously hidden behavioral changes. For example, after 12 days, exposed bees spent less time feeding larvae and maintaining the nest, and they interacted less with others in the colony, spending more time alone on the periphery. These changes were more pronounced at night and at low temperatures. Crall says researchers testing the effects of novel agrochemicals on bees need to do studies under all types of conditions, not just on a sunny day.


This article has been sent to the following recipient:

Chemistry matters. Join us to get the news you need.