To download a pdf of this article, visit http://cenm.ag/anesthetics.
References used to create this graphic:
Antkowiak, Bernd. “How Do General Anaesthetics Work?” Naturwissenschaften (2001). DOI: 10.1007/s001140100230.
Bezerra, Marco M., Raquel A. C. Leão, Leandro S. M. Miranda, and Rodrigo O. M. A. de Souza. “A Brief History behind the Most Used Local Anesthetics.” Tetrahedron (2020). DOI: 10.1016/j.tet.2020.131628.
Maher, Timothy J. “Anesthetic Agents: General and Local Anesthetics.” In Foye’s Principles of Medicinal Chemistry. 7th ed. Edited by Thomas L. Lemke, David A. Williams, Victoria F. Roche, and S. William Zito, 508–39. Baltimore: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2013.
Perkins, Bill. “How Does Anesthesia Work?” Scientific American, Feb. 7, 2005.
Royal College of Anaesthetists. “Anaesthesia Explained.” March 1, 2021.
Royal College of Anaesthetists. “The History of Anaesthesia.” Accessed Oct. 11, 2021.
A collaboration between C&EN and Andy Brunning, author of the popular graphics blog Compound Interest