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Industrial Safety

Explosion rocks silicones plant

Three people are dead and another is missing at AB Specialty Silicones site in Waukegan, Illinois

by Marc S. Reisch
May 6, 2019



This article was revised on May 9, 2019, to add information about a fourth death that resulted from the AB Specialty Silicones accident.

Credit: John Starks/Daily Herald via AP
Debris litters the area outside of the AB Specialty Silicones plant after the May 3 explosion and fire.

Investigators are now sifting through the rubble and trying to make sense of the unusual explosion and fire on the night of May 3 that left four people dead at a US silicone manufacturing plant. The accident, at the AB Specialty Silicones plant in Waukegan, Illinois, about 60 km north of Chicago, shook nearby homes, made lights flicker, and scattered debris almost 2 km away.

According to local news accounts, the blast occurred at nightfall. Residents felt the ground shake and heard a loud boom. As local fire crews arrived, flames engulfed the plant.

First responders initially found one employee dead from the explosion. They took four others to the hospital, where one worker later died. Fire officials recovered the bodies of two missing workers by May 8, bringing the death toll from the blast to four. Nine people in all were in the plant at the time of the explosion.

In a statement posted on the AB website, General Manager Mac Penman said, “We are shocked and heartbroken by the tragedy that occurred in our plant on May 3rd. We are trying our best to support all of the members of our AB family as we attempt to process this terrible loss together.” The company plans to reopen business operations on May 13.

Waukegan authorities indicate that their inquiry into exactly what happened at AB will take some time. Joining them will be inspectors from the US Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board (CSB), which said it dispatched its team to the AB site on May 5.

Explosions at silicone manufacturing facilities are not frequent, but they have happened. In 2001, specialty silicone maker Gelest lost its Tullytown, Pennsylvania, plant in a devastating explosion and fire. No loss of life occurred in that incident, but two people suffered chemical burns. The CSB did not investigate the incident, but media reports indicated that a static electrical discharge in the plant’s laboratory might have touched off the blaze.

In 2009, when C&EN visited the rebuilt plant in Morrisville, Pennsylvania, the company proudly showed off design features meant to minimize potential fire and explosion hazards.

AB manufactures a variety of functional vinyl, hydride, phenyl, and fluoro silicones used in a number of items, including personal care, dental, medical, and electronics products. But although silicon, the raw material for silicones, is not flammable, many of the organosilicons the firm makes are flammable, toxic, or corrosive. However, investigators have not said these materials are a possible cause of the AB accident at this time.

Loss of life at smaller US chemical firms is also unusual. In 1999, an explosion during the manufacture of the electronic chemical hydroxylamine killed five people at the Concept Sciences plant outside Allentown, Pennsylvania. And in 2013, a fertilizer plant explosion killed a dozen people at West Fertilizer just north of Waco, Texas.

AB describes itself as a specialty silicone chemical manufacturer with over 20 years in business. The firm’s main production site in Waukegan also houses a research and development lab and a nearly 19,000 m2 warehouse.



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Evan Mah (May 8, 2019 6:10 PM)
This article claims that silicon is the raw material for silicone plastic. The raw material for silicone plastic is typically dimethyldichlorosilane or more generally a siloxane monomer. This material is highly flammable. Claiming silicon is a raw material for silicone plastic is like claiming carbon is a raw material for humans. Silicone is a silicon-based polymer just as humans are carbon-based life, however you cannot go directly from one to the other.
Hemant Desai (May 8, 2019 6:35 PM)
I am always surprised when accidents happen, especially fatal ones, institutions try and hide causes. As an Energetic Materials synthesis chemist in the UK, this happens here too and frightens me.
Surely, the causes should be made public, irrespective of any perceived reputational damage. Otherwise, corporate murder/manslaughter charges should be open to scrutiny and mandatory.

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