AkzoNobel says it has developed a breakthrough process for making higher ethyleneamines and derivatives. The new process will reduce raw material consumption and substantially improve cost and environmental performance compared with existing processes, the firm says.
Ethyleneamines are intermediate chemicals for products such as epoxy curing agents, which are in demand for wind turbine fabrication. They are also additives for oil, road materials, and paper. The global ethyleneamines market is between 550,000 and 600,000 metric tons per year, according to IHS Markit.
The manufacture of ethyleneamines is currently dominated by two routes. One involves the reaction of monoethanolamine (MEA) and ammonia in the presence of a hydrogenation-dehydrogenation catalyst. The second involves reacting ethylene dichloride (EDC) with ammonia. AkzoNobel operates two ethyleneamines plants in Europe, each of which uses one of the processes.
But the MEA process is ineffective at producing high yields of important ethyleneamines featuring three or more ethylene units. The EDC process is expensive and involves undesirable chlorine chemistry.
AkzoNobel is keeping tight-lipped about the specifics of its new chemistry. But a company patent published in August 2017 outlines a process to make ethyleneamines “by reacting an ethanolamine functional compound with an amine functional compound in the presence of a carbon oxide delivering agent.”
The new process generates high yields of amines that contain at least three ethylene units, including diethylenetriamine and triethylenetetramine, the firm says. It claims that the new technology will markedly strengthen its product portfolio.
AkzoNobel is also confident that its breakthrough can unseat existing processes. “We strongly believe it has the potential to become a game changer in the industry,” says Joppe Smit, general manager of the firm’s ethyleneamines business. It plans to build a demonstration plant for the technology in 2018.