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Natural Products

C&EN En Español

Infografias Periodicas: Estimulantes comunes provenientes de las plantas

El profesor de química y bloguero de Compound Interest Andy Brunning describe algunos estimulantes conocidos que producen las plantas y explica por qué los producen.

by Andy Brunning, special to C&EN
February 28, 2022 | A version of this story appeared in Volume 100, Issue 8


An infographic highlighting stimulants produced by plants. The top section explains that these compounds are often produced by the plant as a defense mechanism. Three classes of stimulants are then highlighted.
Purinergic stimulants, such as caffeine, cause stimulant effects by blocking receptors for purine neurotransmitters.
Cholinergic stimulants, such as nicotine, cause stimulant effects by activating nicotinic or muscarinic receptors.
Monoaminergic stimulants, such as cocaine, affect monoamine neurotransmitters in varying ways to produce stimulant effects.

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Referencias usadas para crear esta infografía:

Oliver-Bever, B. “Why Do Plants Produce Drugs? Which Is Their Function in the Plants?” Q. J. Crude Drug Res. (1970). DOI: 10.3109/13880207009066221.

Spinella, Marcello. The Psychopharmacology of Herbal Medicine: Plant Drugs That Alter Mind, Brain, and Behavior. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2001.

Wiart, Christophe. “Plants Affecting the Central Nervous System.” In Ethnopharmacology of Medicinal Plants: Asia and the Pacific, 57–153. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press, 2006.

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La versión original (en inglés) del artículo está disponible aquí..



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