Germany’s main chemical industry association, VCI, is warning that chemical plants in the country will likely close, possibly for months, if Russia requires payment for natural gas in rubles. The effect on downstream industries would be severe, VCI says.
VCI’s comments are in response to a Russian law, set to take effect April 1, that requires payment for gas deliveries to be made in rubles. Sanctions imposed on Russia prevent German companies from conducting business in rubles.
It is unclear exactly how much Russian gas this regulation will affect. According to a press release issued by the German government, Russia has also said that “contractual partners” can continue to pay for gas in euros as usual to Gazprombank, which is not affected by sanctions. Gazprom is a Russian state-owned oil and gas company.
Gas supplies are currently considered to be adequate. Still, Germany’s economy minister, Robert Habeck, released a statement on March 30 saying that if supply restrictions are required the German government will prioritize households and hospitals over industry.
BASF, which operates one of the world’s largest chemical plants in Ludwigshafen, Germany, says a drop in natural gas supply to below half the level it requires would result in a “complete cessation” of production at its facilities.
Also on March 30, the European Commission’s antitrust regulator raided the German offices of Gazprom. The regulator is investigating whether Gazprom is withholding natural gas to influence prices. The Russian government has repeatedly denied holding back gas supplies.
Since the beginning of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, natural gas prices in Germany have risen by an average of more than 70%, according to VCI. Germany’s pharmaceutical and chemical industry uses 2.8 million metric tons of gas annually, more than a quarter of the country’s total consumption.
Even before the invasion of Ukraine, natural gas prices in Europe had been surging upward. In September, high prices forced BASF to curtail its production of ammonia in Ludwigshafen and Antwerp, Belgium. Manufacturers of nitrogen-based fertilizers, such as CF Industries, continue to operate at a reduced rate in Europe.